|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Stock-Based Compensation [Abstract]|
19. Stock-Based Compensation:
The Company is authorized to issue shares for common stock awards to employees, directors and affiliates of the Company in connection with the PQ Group Holdings Inc. 2017 Omnibus Incentive Plan, as Amended and Restated (the “2017 Plan”). During the six months ended June 30, 2020, the Company granted 1,158,605 restricted stock units and 456,311 performance stock units (at target) under the 2017 Plan as part of its equity incentive compensation program. Each restricted stock unit provides the recipient with the right to receive a share of common stock subject to graded vesting terms based on service, which for the awards granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020, requires approximately one year of service for members of the Company’s board of directors and approximately three years of service for employees.
The performance stock units granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020 provide the recipients with the right to receive shares of common stock dependent 50% on the achievement of a Company-specific financial performance target and 50% on a total shareholder return (“TSR”) goal, and are generally subject to the provision of service through the vesting date of the award. The Company-specific financial performance target and the TSR goal are measured independently of each other, but achievement of both of the metrics is measured based on the same three-year performance period from January 1, 2020 through December 31, 2022. The TSR goal is based on the Company’s relative TSR performance against the companies included in the Russell 2000 Index over the performance period. Achievement of the Company-specific financial performance target is measured based on the average levels of achievement across the performance period. Depending on the Company’s performance against the predetermined thresholds for achievement, each performance stock unit award recipient is eligible to earn a percentage of the target number of shares granted to the recipient, ranging from zero to 200%. The performance stock units, to the extent earned, will vest on the date the Company’s compensation and governance committee certifies the achievement of the performance metrics for the three-year period ending December 31, 2022, which will occur no later than March 1, 2023.
The value of the restricted stock units granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020 was based on the average of the high and low trading prices of the Company’s common stock on the NYSE on the preceding trading day, in accordance with the Company’s policy for valuing such awards. Compensation expense related to the restricted stock units is recognized on a straight-line basis over the respective vesting period.
The value of the portion of the performance stock units granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020 eligible to be earned based on the achievement of the Company-specific financial performance target (50% of the award) was measured on the same basis as that of the restricted stock units, and based on the target number of shares granted; because the performance vesting conditions affect the ability of the recipients to vest in the awards, they are not factored into the fair value measure of the award. Compensation expense related to such performance stock units is recognized ratably over the requisite service period, and the Company must assess the probability that the performance conditions will be met each reporting period, and the level at which they are estimated to be attained. Should the probability assessment change during a given reporting period, the total compensation cost (both recognized and unrecognized) will be adjusted to reflect the revised assessment.
The TSR goal, which determines how much of the other 50% of the performance stock units granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020 may be earned, is considered a market condition as opposed to a vesting condition. Because a market condition is not considered a vesting condition, it is reflected in the grant date fair value of an award and the associated compensation cost based on the fair value of the award is recognized over the performance period, regardless of whether the Company actually achieves the market condition or the level of achievement, as long as service is provided by the recipient. The Company used a Monte Carlo simulation to estimate the fair value of the portion of the awards subject to the TSR goal. The following table provides the assumptions used to determine the grant date fair value of the market condition-dependent / TSR goal-based portion of the Company’s performance stock units granted during the six months ended June 30, 2020 using a Monte Carlo simulation:
The following table summarizes the activity for the Company’s restricted stock units and performance stock units for the six months ended June 30, 2020:
Total stock-based compensation expense for all of the Company’s equity incentive awards was $6,366 and $5,370 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $12,286 and $8,770 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The income tax benefit recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of income was $1,577 and $1,326 for the three months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, and $3,044 and $2,166 for the six months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. With the new grants of restricted stock units and performance stock units during the six months ended June 30, 2020, unrecognized compensation cost at June 30, 2020 related to nonvested awards was $26,601 and $12,314 for restricted stock units and performance stock units, respectively. The weighted-average period over which these costs are expected to be recognized at June 30, 2020 is 1.79 years for the restricted stock units and 2.14 years for the performance stock units. Activity related to the Company’s stock options and restricted stock awards was not material for the six months ended June 30, 2020, other than the forfeiture of 560,381 of restricted stock awards subject to a performance vesting condition based upon the occurrence of a defined liquidity event. No expense had previously been recognized related to these awards, as the performance vesting condition was not achieved nor considered probable of achievement.On April 30, 2020, the Company’s stockholders approved an amendment and restatement of the 2017 Plan to increase the number of shares available under it by an additional 9,000,000 shares and include more limited share recycling provisions, resulting in fewer shares recycled subsequent to the change. At June 30, 2020, 12,174,223 shares of common stock were available for issuance under the 2017 Plan, after giving effect to the new grants, forfeitures and other activity during the six months ended June 30, 2020.
Stock-Based Compensation [Abstract]
No definition available.
The entire disclosure for share-based payment arrangement.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef