|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2017
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was 239.9% compared to 26.9% for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The effective income tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was (304.2)% compared to (67.1)% for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The Company’s effective income tax rate fluctuates based primarily on changes in income mix, repatriation of income taxes from foreign subsidiaries and, for the comparative periods, the change in Eco Services’ tax status.
Prior to the Business Combination on May 4, 2016, Eco Services was a single member limited liability company and taxed as a partnership for federal and state income tax purposes. As such, all income tax liabilities and/or benefits of Eco Services were passed through to its members. Because Eco Services was taxed as a partnership, it did not record deferred taxes on the basis difference on its financial statements. Following the Business Combination on May 4, 2016, Eco Services had a change in tax status and is now taxed as a C-Corporation subject to federal and state corporate level income taxes at prevailing corporate rates. Minimal taxes were recorded on the book losses incurred by Eco Services during the periods preceding the Business Combination included in the nine months ended September 30, 2016, causing the fluctuation to the Company’s effective income tax rate in comparison to the taxes recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
The difference between the U.S. federal statutory income tax rate and the Company’s effective income tax rate for 2017 was mainly due to the tax effect of the Company’s foreign currency exchange loss recognized as a discrete item for the purpose of calculating the effective tax rate as well as the tax effect of repatriating foreign earnings back to the U.S. as dividends, partially offset by lower tax rates in foreign jurisdictions as compared to the U.S. federal tax rate, foreign withholding taxes, state taxes and non-deductible transaction costs.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef